The women-are-wonderful effect is the phenomenon that people associate more positive attributes with women compared to men. The phrase was coined by researcher Alice Eagly and Antonio Mladinic in 1994 after finding that both male and especially female participants tend to assign positive traits to women. The tendency to give members of one's own sex more positive evaluations, i.e. in-group preference, is 4.5 times higher in women.
Evolution[edit | edit source]
The authors suggested that the bias comes from the association between women and nurturing characteristics.
It may also come from men having selected women who stick to themselves (and stick fingers into each other) and find other men uninteresting. This helps men to avoid getting cuckolded. This is why women are seen to form flocks and spend time with each other on the toilet etc.
The women-are-wonderful effect might also be related to women's tendency to rate men's physical attractiveness as worse, which might be born from an inclination to avoid initiating a relationship and hence bearing the responsibility, making it extraordinarily easy to squash unwanted sexual approaches.
References[edit | edit source]
- Eagly AH, Mladinic A. year=1994. Are people prejudiced against women? Some answers from research on attitudes, gender stereotypes, and judgments of competence. [Abstract]
- Eagly AH, Mladinic A. 1989. Gender Stereotypes and Attitudes Toward Women and Men. [Abstract]
- Eagly AH, Mladinic A. 1991. Are women evaluated more favorably than men? An analysis of attitudes, beliefs and emotions. []