The Donnelly Study is the first academic study to take the concept of involuntary celibacy seriously, and has been cited dozens of times by academic literature including peer reviewed academic literature. The study itself was also peer reviewed and published in the Journal of sexology. This study was the beginning of the use of the word incel as an academic sociological term. Alana's incel mailing list was coordinating with a professor of sociology named, "Denise Donnelly", and a team of Georgia State University researchers to use her community as a beginning for research on the causes of involuntary celibacy in early 1999. The study was co-authored by sociologist and professor Elizabeth Burgess who, as late as 2014, had described incel forums as, "valuable".
Popularizing Involuntary Celibacy in Academia and Solid Formation of Definition
'Involuntarily celibate' is a valid academic sociological term coined by Antoine Banier and abbreviated by Alana and subsequently popularized in Donnelly's study, referring to people who would like to have a sexual or romantic partner but can't find one for 6 months or more. The date may seem arbitrary, but there had to be a cutoff point, and Denise Donnelly chose 6 months as that factored in that some sexually active people go weeks without sex, and people start to worry about their sex lives after a certain period of time longer than that period.
The questionairre for the study was filled out by 60 men and 22 women who identified as involuntarily celibate. Men in the study reported they felt trapped by being stuck in the role of the initiator of dates, while the women in the study reported that they felt like they should not initiate romantic or sexual encounters. 35% of respondents felt dissatisfied, frustrated or angry about their previous lack of sexual relationships regardless of their current partnership status.
Incel is Now a Valid Academic Sociological Term
Donnelly's study, while the sample size was extremely small, has been cited 62 times in scholarly literature, including an encyclopedia about family life, a peer-reviewed sociology journal, and various books by accredited sociologists and an accredited athropologist, giving the term, "involuntary celibacy", academic legitimacy, at least as a sociological term describing a real life circumstance.